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Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) or hydroxy acids are a class of chemical compounds derived naturally from a group of plants and animals or synthetic, they are made of molecules of water-loving or water-soluble acids which are used in a variety of skincare and cosmetic products. They are found in serums, toners, soaps, and creams, as well as occasional concentrated treatments via chemical peels. It is believed that Cleopatra used to take bath in sour milk, the natural AHA's of lactic acid for skin radiance.
Exfoliation: is a process of clearing away the outer, older layer of skin cells to reveal new, smooth skin cells underneath. This smoother skin texture is clear in appearance with a rosy glow that makes us look younger. This effect is temporary, because our skin is constantly producing new cells, and sloughing off the old ones.
There are two main types of exfoliation: physical and chemical.
Physical exfoliation: Uses physical pressure to slough off due to its abrasive nature like walnut shells, salt, sugar.
Chemical exfoliation is when a fruit acid, cane sugar, or milk acid is applied to the skin which breaks down the dead skin cells of your skin and allows them to be rinsed away. Because this is an acidic substance, it can cause a tingling sensation and burning if used in higher concentrations.
There are seven types of AHAs commonly used in products available throughout the skincare industry. These include:
Benefits of AHA's
What is BHA?
Beta Hydroxy Acid is an oil-loving acid that works to treat acne-prone skin clearing out blackheads and whiteheads. BHA is able to work on both the epidermis level and penetrate deeper into the skin through sebaceous follicles, unclogs pores to normalize the lining of pores that contribute to acne.
These exfoliants or use of these acids in a product makes your skin photosensitive, so a broad-spectrum SPF will help to protect the skin.
Can you use both AHA and BHA?
Applying a product like our Nubess Night Vitamin C+ Serum combines both AHA and BHA acids so you get the best of both their complexion boosting benefits. These acids combined helps to tackle sun-damage, clogged pores, uneven texture, and fine-lines all at once. Resurfacing your skin overnight to rid dead, dull skin cells will result in a smoother, brighter, and more refined complexion.